Sleep disorders form a group of diseases that affect the ability to get sound sleep every day. There can be many reasons and circumstances that lead to the formation of sleep disorders like restless leg syndrome. Whatever be the cause, sleep disorders are becoming alarmingly common in most part of the world.  Statistics show that about 75 % of Americans are in the age groups of 25-60 are reported to be subjected to sleep disorders.

Consult a sleep specialist

Normally a person may find it difficult to get enough sleep due to various problems in his daily life like hectic schedules, stress, or outside influences.  But if such sleeplessness occurs regularly and start interfering with a person’s life, then it can be the beginning stage of a sleep disorder like restless leg syndrome. If any such probability is noticed it is better to consult with a specialist and act as per his advice as timely and proper treatment can lead to complete cure.

Different types of sleep disorders

Main diseases

Insomnia: This disease is characterized by the inability to fall asleep and to remain in sleep.  Jet lag, hormone deficiency, stress and anxiety, digestive problems etc are considered as the causes for the formation of this disease.

Sleep apnea: This disease is characterized by the intermittent breaks during sleep. This results in less intake of oxygen and it keep you awake during night.

Parasomias: this is a sleep disorder  characterized by abnormal movement during sleep. Sleepwalking, groaning, bedwetting, nightmares,  teeth grinding etc are some of the abnormal movements shown during sleep.

restless leg syndrome: In this disease the patient feels an uncontrolled urge to move his legs during sleep. Parkinson’s disease, ADHD etc are health conditions that usually accompany  RLS.

Narcolepsy: This disease charectorized by the ‘sleep attacks’ felt during the day time. Such patients suddenly feel tired and fall asleep during morning.

Treatment for sleep disorders

  • Treatments are based on the type of the disease and the underlying cause for the disease. Some of the treatment options are listed below.
  • Sleeping pills
  • Allergy/cold medication
  • Melatonin suppliments
  • Medication for the underlying causes
  • Dental guard in the case of dental grinding
  • Surgery or use of breathing devices

Life style changes

It has been found that by making some changes in the life style of the patients much improvement can be obtained in the physical condition of the patient of sleep disorder. Some suitable changes to be incorporated are listed below.

Regular exercises can reduce the anxiety and stress of the patient.

Reducing intake of sugar and increasing he intake of fish, vegetables etc have been found to be very useful.

Making a regular sleep schedule and following it strictly

Drinking of less water before going to bed

Avoiding usage of tobacco and alcohol